Part 1. Moral Perception
Each of the statements below is an example of a potential moral rule (R), moral principle (P), or moral value (V) applicable to the provided case. In the process of moral perception your goal is simply to identify what may be relevant to the case – what some reasonable perspective may believe is relevant. So, regardless of whether you believe any of the following are in fact values, rules, or principles, your task is simply to identify what each is attempting to represent, given its structure.
__ 1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public
__ 2. Engineers are encouraged to adhere to principles of sustainable development
__ 3. Those potentially at risk from an environmental hazard should be informed about the environmental hazard
__ 4. Corporations should eliminate environmental waste whenever possible
__ 5. Clean water
__ 6. Engineers should avoid making public any information that may materially harm their employer or client
__ 7. Animal well-being
__ 8. A property owner is free to pollute their own land, even if doing so pollutes nearby land
__ 9. If an engineer’s judgment is overruled in circumstances that may threaten harm or property damage, they must report the threat to their employer, client, and any other appropriate authorities
__ 10. Employees are not generally responsible for corporate harms
The correct labeling for the above statements can be found at the end of this page.
Part 2. Moral Deliberation
Once you have a reasonable grasp of the morally relevant features of a situation, you should consider them all together to help you make an informed and supportable decision. Below you are provided with 4 option for how George should respond to the situation. Choose whichever you think is best and then work to construct at least 2 moral reasons that would support your option. These moral reasons should appeal to the values, principles, and/or rules you identified above. Now, you should consider which of the supposed values/rules/principles are in fact values/rules/principles that we should consider.
- George should inform upper management (beyond his supervisor) of the issue, but go no further regardless of result
- George should inform upper management and, if no action is taken, outside authorities as well
- George should remain quiet
- George should immediately inform appropriate regulatory authorities
Part 3. Deeper Moral Deliberation
It is important to be able to support your choices with moral reasons. But it is also important to understand why you may be wrong – why others may reasonably disagree with you. So, now you should attempt to construct at least 1 moral reason for why your choice in Part 2 is the wrong choice. Again, your moral reason(s) should appeal to applicable values, rules, and/or principles.
- 1. P; 2. P; 3. R; 4. R/P; 5. V; 6. R; 7. V; 8. R; 9. R; 10. P ↵