(Out of consideration for Mr. Johnson’s freely expressed dislike of foot notes all such notes have been omitted from his book, the few which seemed necessary being assembled here instead.)

Chapter V. See Congressional Record of January 8, 1895 – “honorable Tom L. Johnson of Ohio in the House of Representatives on The Money Question.”

Chapter X. “During Tom Johnson’s business life in steel his emphatic, radical beliefs and policies brought him frequently into trouble, and at times even into financial danger. I could speak of more than one close crisis where the choice practically lay between all the financial help he needed for his business enterprises, to be won by stultifying himself in his political faith, or, as an alternative, financial opposition which at the time looked as though it would be fatal.” – From a newspaper interview with Arthur J. Moxham of Wilmington, Delaware, April 11, 1911.

Same chapter. “By 1895 the works were completed and put into operation at Lorain, Ohio. The location of the new plant at this point excited bitter comment on the part of Pittsburgh steel men, as it involved practically moving from the Pittsburgh district to the new location, a step that could only be justified by belief in the greater advantage of the lake shore as a steel center.

“Subsequent events, such as the contemplated construction of a large steel plant by the Carnegie interests at Conneaut, Ohio, one of the elements that determined in some measure at least the purchase of the Carnegie interests by the United States Steel Company; such as the location of the latest and largest plant of the United States Steel Company at Gary, Indiana, on the lake shore, and still more the success of the Lorain Steel Company, now owned by the United States Steel Company, have confirmed the foresight and wisdom that prompted this step.” – Same interview. Same chapter, page 91. “In 1898 the steel plant and business were sold to the Federal Steel Company. The original holdings of the Federal Steel Company consisted of two plants, the Illinois Steel Company at Chicago, and the Lorain Steel Company at Lorain, Ohio, and properties on the lakes and the connecting railroads. As is known the Federal Steel Company was the precursor and practically the originator of the United States Steel Company.” – Same interview.

Chapter XII. See Congressional Record of August 24, 1893 – “Honorable Tom L. Johnson of Ohio in the House of Representatives on Silver.”

Chapter XIX. The following State laws in which Mr. Johnson was interested were enacted by the Ohio Assembly which adjourned in April 1911:

Nonpartisan Judiciary – a bill providing that the names of nominees for all judicial offices shall appear on the ballot without party designation of any kind.

Direct Election of United States Senators – a bill embodying the Oregon plan which provides for the direct nomination and election of senators. Members of the legislature are required to sign one of two statements – the first, pledging them to vote for that man for senator who receives the most votes at the regular election, or the second, refusing to be so bound. Under this plan a Republican legislator may vote for a Democrat for senator, or a Democratic legislator for a Republican.

Nonpartisan Constitutional Convention – a bill requiring all delegates to the constitutional convention of 1912 to be nominated and elected on a strictly nonpartisan basis; nominations to be made by petition only.

Shorter Workday for Women – a bill limiting the hours of women employed to fifty-four hours a week, with not more than ten hours in any one day. (Amended from eight hours as provided in original bill.)

Workingmen’s Compensation Act – a bill creating a State compensation fund, from which money shall be paid employes injured and dependents of employes killed at their work.

Municipal Initiative and Referendum – a measure requiring thirty per cent. of the voters of a municipality for the initiative and fifteen per cent. for the referendum. Covers “ordinances and resolutions granting a franchise , creating a right, involving the expenditure of money or exercising any other power delegated to a municipal corporation by the General Assembly.”

Corrupt Practices Act – a measure regulating the amount of money a candidate may spend, and throwing other safeguards around elections.

Chapter XXV. On May 23, 1911, G. M. Dahl, street railway commissioner of Cleveland ordered the Cleveland Railway Company to stop charging passengers a penny for transfers. The order was given under the terms of the traction ordinance which require that whenever a balance in the interest fund, less proportionate accrued payment to be made therefrom, shall be more than $500,000 by the amount of $200,000 fares shall be reduced from the existing rate to the new lower rate provided by the ordinance. The street railway company resisted the order, but on May 29 the city council adopted a resolution compelling it to comply, the straight three-cent fare became effective June 1, 1911, less than two months after the death of Mr. Johnson.


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