Further Reading

The following is a partial list of articles and books that have either informed my account or may be of interest for those interested in further detail or alternative viewpoints. I have chosen not to respond to the details and arguments raised by the various authors since much of what is described in this account was not driven by the literature but the practice of community development as it evolved in Cleveland.

Alexander, Christopher.  A Pattern Language.  Oxford University Press, 1977.

Belt Magazine Staff, eds.  The Cleveland Neighborhood Guidebook. Belt Publishing, 2016.

Bier, Thomas E. Housing Dynamics in Northeast Ohio: Setting the Stage for Resurgence. Cleveland, Ohio: MSL Academic Endeavors, 2017.

Brophy, Paul C., ed.  On the Edge: America’s Middle Neighborhoods.  American Assembly, 2016.

Chaskin, Rob, Prudence Brown, Avis Vidal, and Sudhir Venkatesh. Building Community Capacity. 2001.

Crissman, Dan. Cleveland in 50 Maps. Belt Publishing, 2019.

Cunningham, Randy. Democratizing Cleveland.  Cleveland, Ohio: Arambala Press, 2007.

Demko, Benjamin Eli. A Case Study on Cleveland’s Empowerment Zone Initiative 1994-2004. Cleveland: Ohio: Department of History, Case Western Reserve University, 2014. 

Kahneman, Daniel.  Thinking Fast and Slow. Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 2011.

Katz, Bruce and Jeremy Nowak. The New Localism: How Cities Can Thrive in the Age of Populism.  Brookings Institution Press, 2017.

Keating, Dennis W.  Brief History of Tremont. The History Press, 2016.

Keating, Dennis W.  Cleveland’s Slavic Village: Stabilizing a Neighborhood Hit Hard by the Foreclosure Crisis (2006-2017).  Cleveland, Ohio: Maxine Goodman Levin School of Urban Affairs, Cleveland State University, 2018.

Keating, Dennis W., Norman Krumholz, and David C. Perry, eds. Cleveland: A Metropolitan Reader.  Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1995.

Keyes, Langley and Avis Vidal. Beyond Housing: Growing Community Development Systems. The Urban Institute, 2005.

Listokin, David with Lizabeth Allewelt and James J. Németh. Housing Receivership and Self-Help Neighborhood Revitalization. Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, 1985.

Liou, Thomas and Robert Stroh. Community Development Intermediary Systems in the U.S. Housing Policy Debate, Vol 9: (1998): 575-594.

Mallach, Alan.  The Divided City: Poverty and Prosperity in Urban America.  Island Press, 2018.

Rubin, Herbert J. Renewing Hope Within Neighborhoods of Despair: The Community-Based Development Model. SUNY Press, 2000.

Swartz, Terry and Bobbie Reichtel. Re-imagining a More Sustainable Cleveland.  Cleveland: Cleveland City Planning Commission, 2008.

Thriving Communities Program.  Cleveland Neighborhoods by the Numbers, Western Reserve Land Conservancy, 2015.  Accessed January 23, 2023.  https://www.wrlandconservancy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/ClevelandPropertyInventory_issuu_updated122016.pdf

Tittle, Diana. Rebuilding ClevelandThe Cleveland Foundation and Its Evolving Urban Strategy.  Ohio State University Press, 1992.

Vidal, Avis C. Rebuilding Communities: A National Study of Community Development Corporations. 1992.

Voinovich, George. Empowering the Public-Private Partnership. Ohio University Press, 2017.

Walker, Christopher and Mark Weinheimer. Community Development in the 1990s. The Urban Institute. 1998.

Yin, Jordan.  The Community Development Industry Journal of Urban Affairs. 1998.


Bob Jaquay’s compilation of NPI and related material at the Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio.


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