Chapter 8.0: Co-Occurring Conditions

Ch. 8.3: References and Image Credits

Automobile Association of America (AAA). (2014). Fact sheet: Drugged driving. Retrieved from

Bailey, K.M., & Stewart, S.H. (2014.) Relations among trauma, PTSD, and substance misuse: The scope of the problem. In P. Ouimette, & J.P. Read, (Eds.), Trauma and substance abuse: Causes, consequences, and treatment of comorbid disorders, second edition (pp.11-34). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Badel, A., & Greaney, B. (2013). Exploring the link between drug use and job status in the U.S.  The Regional Economist. Retrieved from

Begun, A.L. (2003). Intimate partner violence, adulthood. In T. P. Gullotta & M. Bloom, Encyclopedia of primary prevention and health promotion, (p. 640-647). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Begun, A.L., & Clark Hammond, G. (2012). CATCH Court: A novel approach to “treatment as alternative to incarceration” for women engaged in prostitution and substance abuse. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 12, 328-331.

Begun, A.L., Early, T.J., & Hodge, A. (2016). Mental health and substance abuse service engagement by men and women during community reentry following incarceration. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 43(2), 207-218.

Begun, A.L., Rose, S.J., & LeBel, T.P. (2011). Intervening with women in jail around alcohol and substance abuse during preparation for community reentry. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 29, 453-478.

Bennett, L., & Bland, P. (2008). Substance abuse and intimate partner violence. VAWnet. Retrieved from

Bjork, J.M., & Grant, S.J. (2009). Does traumatic brain injury increase risk for substance abuse? Journal of Neurotrauma, 26, 1077-1082.

Bush, D.M., & Lipari, R.N. (2015). Substance use and substance use disorder by industry. The CBHSQ Report, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA), (April 16). Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). Persons who inject drugs (PWID). Retrieved from

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). (2014). Managing depressive symptoms in substance abuse clients during early recovery. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) series, No. 48. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 13-4353. Rockville, MD: SAMSA.

Cleveland, M.J., Testa, M., & Hone, L.S. (2019). Examining the roles of heavy episodic drinking, drinking venues, and sociosexuality in college men’s sexual aggression. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 80, 177-185.

Corrigan, J., Bogner, J., Lamb-Hart, G., Heinemann, A., & Moore, D. (2005). Increasing substance abuse treatment compliance for persons with traumatic brain injury. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 131-139.

Deiss, R.G., Rodwell, T.C, & Garfein, R.S. (2009). Tuberculosis and illicit drug use: Review and update. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48, 72-82.

Edguer, M., & Taylor, L. (2020). Mindfulness practices in addictive behavior prevention, treatment, and recovery. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 355-365). NY: Routledge.

Epperson, M.W., & Pettus-Davis, C., (Eds.). (2017). Introduction and smart decarceration: Guiding concepts for an era of criminal justice transformation, (pp. xvii-28). In Smart decarceration: Achieving criminal justice transformation in the 21st century. NY: Oxford University Press.

Fang, H.F., Lee, T.Y., Hui, K.C., Yim, H.C.H., Chi, M.J., & Chung, M.H. (2019). Association between sedative-hypnotics and subsequent cancer in patients with and without insomnia: A 14-year follow-up study in Taiwan. Journal of Cancer, 10(10), 2288-2298.

Frone, M.R. (2012). Alcohol and illicit drug use in the workforce and workplace. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Ghasemiesfe, M., Barrow, B., Leonard, S., Kayhani, S., & Korenstein, D. (2019). Association between marijuana use and risk of cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Network Open, 2(11), e1916318.

Grant, B.F., Goldstein, R.B., Saha, T.D., Chou, P., Jung, J., Zhang, H.,…Hasin, D.S.(2015). Epidemiology of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(8), 757-766.

Hall, T. (2020). Managing workplace substance misuse: A guide for professionals. NY: Routledge.

Hassin, D., & Kilcoyne, B. (2012). Comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders in the United States: Current issues and findings from the NESARC. Current Opinions in Psychiatry, 25(3), 165-171.

Haycraft, A.L., & Glover, T.A. (2018). Mild traumatic brain injury and substance use. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 14(7), e139-e142.

Huang, Y.H.J., Zhang, X.F., TGashkin, D.P., Feng, B., Straif, K., & Hashibe, M. (2015). An epidemiologic review of marijuana and cancer: An update. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 24(1), 15-31.

Keely, M. (2020). Officials: Parents selling own children into human trafficking. WJAC News (January 30). Retrieved from

Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Demler, O., Merikangas, K.R., & Walters, E.E. (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62,617-627.

Kingston, R.E.F., Marel, C., & Mills, K.L. (2017). A systematic review of the prevalence of comorbid mental health disorders in people presenting for substance use treatment in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36, 527-539.

Krepple, N.J., & Freisthler, B. (2020). All drugs aren’t created equal: Exploring the general and specific effects of psychoactive substances to understand child maltreatment risk by drug type. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 381-396). NY: Routledge.

Lloyd, M., & Fendrich, M. (2020). Drug treatment courts. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 453-468). NY: Routledge.

Martin, P.R., Singleton, C.K., & Hiller-Sturmhöfel, S. (2003). The role of thiamine deficiency in alcoholic brain disease. Alcohol Research & Health, 27(2), 134-142.

McHugh, R.K. (2015). Treatment of co-occurring anxiety disorders and substance use disorders. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 23(2), 99-111.

McHugh, R.K., & Weiss, R.D. (2019). Alcohol use disorder and depressive disorders. Alcohol Research, 40(1). Retrieved from

Melkonian, A.J., & Ham, L.S. (2018). The effects of alcohol intoxication on young adult women’s identification of risk for sexual assault: A systematic review. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 32(2), 162-172.

Mengo, C. & Leonard, K. (2020). Substance misuse and intimate partner violence. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 545-559). NY: Routledge.

Miller, S.M., Pedersen, E.R., & Marshall, G.N. (2017). Combat experience and problem drinking in veterans: Exploring the role of PTSD, coping motives, and perceived stigma. Addictive Behaviors, 66, 90-95.

Najavits, L.M. (2002). Seeking Safety: A treatment manual for PTSD and substance abuse. NY: Guildford.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2010). Comorbidity: Addiction and other mental illnesses. Research Report Series. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2018). Comorbidity: Substance use disorders and other mental illnesses. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2019). Drug use and viral infections (HIV, hepatitis). Retrieved from

Norman, S.B., Haller, M., Hamblen, J.L., Southwick, S.M., & Pietrzak, R.H. (2018). The burden of co-occurring alcohol use disorder and PTSD in US Military veterans: Comorbidities, functioning, and suicidality. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 32(2), 224-229.

Norris, J., Zawacki, T., Davis, K.C., & George, W.H. (2018). The role of psychological barriers in women’s resistance so sexual assault by acquaintances. In L.M. Orchowski & C .A. Gidyca (Eds.), Sexual assault risk reduction and resistance, (pp. 87-110). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Nower, L., Mills, D., & Anthony, W.L. (2020). Gambling disorder: The first behavioral addiction. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 129-141). NY: Routledge.

Pegram, S.E., Abbey, A., Helmers, B.R., Benbouriche, M., Jilani, Z., & Woerner, J. (2018). Men who sexually assault drinking women: Similarities and differences with men who sexually assault sober women and nonperpetrators. Violence Against Women, 24(11), 1327-1348.

Peprah, K., & McCormack, S. (2019). Medical cannabis for the treatment of dementia: A review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines. (DADTH rapid response report: Summary with critical appraisal). Ottawa, Canada. Retrieved from

Pettus-Davis, C., & Epperson, M.W. (2015). From mass incarceration to smart decarceration. Grand Challenges for Social Work Initiative working paper No. 4. Cleveland, OH: American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare. Retrieved from

Post, R.M., & Kalivas, P. (2013). Bipolar disorder and substance abuse: Pathological and therapeutic implications of their comorbidity and cross sensitization. British Journal of Psychiatry, 202(3), 172-176.

Pynoos, J., Schafer, R., & Hartman, C.W. (2017). Housing urban America, second edition. NY: Taylor & Francis.

Qian, H.Z., Stinnette, S.E., Rebeiro, P.F., Kipp, A., Shepherd, B.E., Samenow, C.P.,…Sterling, T.R. (2011). The relationship between injection and non-injection drug use and HIV progression. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 41(1), 14-20.

Rash, C.J., Weinstock, J., & Van Patten, R. (2016). A review of gambling disorder and substance use disorders. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, 7, 3-13.

Rashidian, H., Zendehdel, K., Kamangar, F., Malekzadeh, R., & Haghdoost, A.A. (2016). An ecological study of the association between opiate use and incidence of cancers. Addiction Health, 8(4), 252-260.

Reedy, A.R. (2020). Understanding addictive behaviors and co-occurring disorders. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 528-544). NY: Routledge.

Ridley, N.J., Draper, B., & Withall, A. (2013). Alcohol-related dementia: An update of the evidence. Alzheimer’s Research & Therapy, 5(3). Retrieved from

Roberson, L. (n.d.). Intersection of drugs and human trafficking. Presentation to Supreme Court of Ohio conference. Retrieved from

Rose, S.J., & LeBel, T.P. (2020). Emerging policy and practice responses to substance use with currently and formerly incarcerated women. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 513-526). NY: Routledge.

Sacks, A.L., Fenske, C.L., Gordon, W.A., Hibbard, M.R., Perez, K., Brandau, S.,…Spielman, L.A. (2009). Comorbidity of substance abuse and traumatic brain injury. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 5(3-4), 404-417.

Saunders-Adams, S., Hechmer, C., Peck, A., & Murray, M.M. (2020). Identifying and intervening with substance misuse in primary healthcare. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 436-452). NY: Routledge.

Sawyer, W. (2017). BJS report: Drug abuse and addiction at the root of 21% of crimes. Prison Policy Initiative (June 28). Retrieved from

Shdaimah, C., & Wiechelt, S. (2017). Eliciting street-based sex worker perspectives to inform prostitution policy development. Journal of Policy Practice, 16(4), 351-368.

Strakowski, S.M., DelBello, M., Fleck, D.E., Adler, C.M., Anthenelli, R.M., Keck, P.E.,…Amicone, J. (2005). Effects of co-occurring alcohol abuse in the course of bipolar disorder following a fist hospitalization for mania. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 851-858.

Straussner, S.L.A., & Fewell, C.H. (2020). Working with children whose parents engage in substance misuse. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 366-380). NY: Routledge.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA). (2013). Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), 2011: National estimates of drug-related emergency department visits. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 13-4760, DAWN Series D-39. Rockville, MD. Retrieved from

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA). (2019a). 2018 NSDUH detailed tables. Retrieved from

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA). (2019b). Affording housing models and recovery. Retrieved from

Tentori, L., & Graziani, G. (2007). Doping with growth hormone/IGF-1, anabolic steroids or erythropoietin: Is there a cancer risk? Pharmacological Research, 55(5), 359-369.

Testa, M., & Cleveland, M.J. (2017). Does alcohol contribute to college men’s sexual assault perpetration? Between- and within-person effects over five semesters. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 78, 5-13.

Testa, M., Vanzile-Tamsen, C., & Livingston, J.A. (2004). The role of victim and perpetrator intoxication on sexual assault outcomes. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65(3), 320-329.

Trull, T.J., Freeman, L.K., Vebsares, T.J., Choate, A.M., Helle, A.C., & Wycoff, A.M. (2018). Borderline personality disorder and substance use disorders: An updated review. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 5. Retrieved from

Trull, T.J., Jahng, S., Tomko, R.L., Wood, P.K., & Sher, K.J. (2010). Revised NESARC personality disorder diagnoses: Gender, prevalence, and comorbidity with substance dependence disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 24(4), 412-426.

van Wormer, K., & Davis, D.R. (2013). Addiction treatment: A strengths perspective, third edition. NY: Cengage Learning.

Welte, J.W., Barnes, G.M., Tidwell, M.C.O., Hoffman, J.H., & Wieczorek, W.F. (2015). Gambling and problem gambling in the United States: Changes between 1999 and 2013. Journal of Gambling Studies, 31(3), 695-715.

Wiechelt, S.A., & Shdaimah, C.S. (2011). Trauma and substance abuse among women in prostitution: Implications for a specialized diversion program. Journal of Forensic Social Work, 1, 159-184.

Wilens, T.E., & Morrison, N.R. (2011). The intersection of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and substance abuse. Current Opinions in Psychiatry, 24(4), 280-285.

Wilson, I.M., Graham, K., & Taft, A. (2014). Alcohol interventions, alcohol policy and intimate partner violence: A systematic review. BMC Public Health, 14: 881. Retrieved from

Winklbaur, B., Ebner, N., Sachs, G., Thau, K., & Fischer, G. (2006). Substance abuse in patients with schizophrenia. Dialogs in Clinical Neuroscience, 8, 37-43.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2009). Alcohol and injuries: Emergency department studies in an international perspective. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from

World Health Organization (WHO). (2012). Understanding and addressing violence against women: Human trafficking. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from;jsessionid=F64FB92EEE5CB0C29FD16D148AF59E8F?sequence=1

Zweben, A., & West, B. (2020). Intervening around addictive behaviors. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), TheRoutledge handbook of social work and addictive behaviors, (p. 298-320). NY: Routledge.

Image credits

Unless otherwise noted, Audrey Begun created tables and figures appearing in this book; images come from creative commons public domain ( and 123rf contract.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Introduction to Substance Use Disorders by Patricia Stoddard Dare and Audrey Begun is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.