Chapter 12. Agile (Adaptive) Project Management

12.5 Key Takeaways

Key Takeaways

  • Agile project management approach has been utilized by project teams since 1990s when it started to emerge among software developers.
  • In 2001, agile practitioners published a manifesto named “Manifesto for agile software development” that put forward a set of guiding principles for agile project management.
  • Agile manifesto highlights the importance of “individuals and interactions”, “working software”, “customer collaboration”, and “responding to change” to distinguish itself with the traditional waterfall project management approach.
  • While waterfall approach is linear and sequential, agile approach compresses the sequential phases in small timeboxes (iterations) to create increments at the end of each timebox.
  • There main agile roles are cross-functional teams and their members, product owners, and team facilitators.
  • Common agile practices are team charter, user stories and backlog, planning of each iteration or cycle, daily standups. demonstration or reviews, retrospectives, and backlog refinement.
  • The structure of a user story is generally in a format as follows: As a “user/stakeholder”, I want to “perform a function / an action / an app feature” so that I can “acquire a benefit / an expected outcome”.
  • The Agile Practice Guide by PMI (Project Management Institute) lists the single-team agile methods as Scrum, Extreme Programming (XP), Kanban, Crystal methods, Scrumban, Feature-Driven Development (FDD), Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM), and Agile Unified Process (AgileUP).
  • The SAFe® (Scaled Agile Framework) is the most common scaling framework according to the 15th State of Agile Report published in 2021. It focuses on providing a knowledge base of patterns for scaling development work across all levels of the enterprise.



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Project Management by Abdullah Oguz is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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