H5P in the Archive

Rose- The Transnational Narratives of Antinuclear Activism

Shelley Rose & Students

H5P Archive Project

This is a demonstration of the H5P Archive Project for HIS 299. Each student will create their own chapter in this section “H5P in the Archive” by following these instructions https://pressbooks.ulib.csuohio.edu/historicalthinkingandhistoriography/chapter/h5p-archive/

1958 Vigil on Hamburg Rathausplatz: Analysis of a Primary Source

Activists in Hamburg City Square 1958
“Hamburg Mahnwache 1958,” creator unknown, Folder TEM/B 100, Hans Konrad Tempel Collection, Hamburg Institute for Social Research. Used with permission from HIS.



This photo is of a vigil (Mahnwache) against nuclear weapons held at the Rathausplatz in Hamburg, Germany in April 1958 (see map). Organized by prominent German activists Hans-Konrad and Helga Tempel, the vigil at the point this photo was taken had lasted 212 hours. It was held at the end of the Kampf dem Atomtod demonstration on April 17.


Started on April 17, 1958, lasted 14 days.



This photo is from the collection of German activist Hans Konrad Tempel.


The hotspots in the image contextualize the photo and analyze its historical context.

  • Bayard Rustin
  • April Carter
    • April Carter is a British scholar activist who was active in the nuclear disarmament movement, including this vigil in Hamburg. She has lectured at various universities and published several books in political science and nonviolent direct action. In 2012 she edited A Guide to Civil Resistance with Howard Clark and Michael Randle.
  • The Vigil (Mahnwache)
    • According to the Aktionskreis für Gewaltlosigkeit Wikipedia entry (Hans Konrad Tempel is a primary author) the term Mahnwache was created by Jürgen Grimm as a translation for the English term “vigil.” The vigil on Rathausplatz in 1958 was sponsored by the Aktionskreis für Gewaltlosigkeit.


There are several types of sources that will help historians understand what is happening in this photo more clearly. Biographies of Bayard Rustin, April Carter, Hans Konrad Tempel and Helga Tempel for example. Each additional source contextualizes and confirms the sourcing and historical thinking above.

Additional Sources

Historians can use the following historical sources to corroborate the moment in this image

“Rustin, Bayard,” Martin Luther King, Jr. Encyclopedia, Accessed October 3, 2022. https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/rustin-bayard

Szodrzynki, Joachim, ed.. “Kampf dem Atomtod!” Die Protestbewegung 1957/1958 in zeithistorischer und gegenwärtiger Perspektive. Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz Verlag, 2009.


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